1:1 Paul, bondman of Jesus Christ, [a] called apostle, separated to God's glad tidings,
1:2 (which he had before promised by his prophets in holy writings,)
1:3 concerning his Son (come of David's seed according to flesh,
1:4 marked out Son of God in power, according to [the] Spirit of holiness, by resurrection of [the] dead) Jesus Christ our Lord;
1:5 by whom we have received grace and apostleship in behalf of his name, for obedience of faith among all the nations,
1:6 among whom are *ye* also [the] called of Jesus Christ:
1:7 to all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and [our] Lord Jesus Christ.
1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is proclaimed in the whole world.
1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the glad tidings of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you,
1:10 always beseeching at my prayers, if any way now at least I may be prospered by the will of God to come to you.
1:11 For I greatly desire to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to establish you;
1:12 that is, to have mutual comfort among you, each by the faith [which is] in the other, both yours and mine.
1:13 But I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, that I often proposed to come to you, (and have been hindered until the present time,) that I might have some fruit among you too, even as among the other nations also.
1:14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, both to wise and unintelligent:
1:15 so, as far as depends on me, am I ready to announce the glad tidings to you also who [are] in Rome.
1:16 For I am not ashamed of the glad tidings; for it is God's power to salvation, to every one that believes, both to Jew first and to Greek:
1:17 for righteousness of God is revealed therein, on the principle of faith, to faith: according as it is written, But the just shall live by faith.
1:18 For there is revealed wrath of God from heaven upon all impiety, and unrighteousness of men holding the truth in unrighteousness.
1:19 Because what is known of God is manifest among them, for God has manifested [it] to them,
1:20 -- for from [the] world's creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power and divinity, -- so as to render them inexcusable.
1:21 Because, knowing God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but fell into folly in their thoughts, and their heart without understanding was darkened:
1:22 professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
1:23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into [the] likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles.
1:24 Wherefore God gave them up [also] in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, to dishonour their bodies between themselves:
1:25 who changed the truth of God into falsehood, and honoured and served the creature more than him who had created [it], who is blessed for ever. Amen.
1:26 For this reason God gave them up to vile lusts; for both their females changed the natural use into that contrary to nature;
1:27 and in like manner the males also, leaving the natural use of the female, were inflamed in their lust towards one another; males with males working shame, and receiving in themselves the recompense of their error which was fit.
1:28 And according as they did not think good to have God in [their] knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind to practise unseemly things;
1:29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil dispositions; whisperers,
1:30 back-biters, hateful to God, insolent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
1:31 void of understanding, faithless, without natural affection, unmerciful;
1:32 who knowing the righteous judgment of God, that they who do such things are worthy of death, not only practise them, but have fellow delight in those who do [them].